Not all the resources should be equally treated. Categorizing was been necessary always. Natural resources are those resources, which are provided naturally from the earth or on the earth. It has been defined as the resources (actual and potential) supplied by nature (WordNet, 2013). They compose of three main components, which are land, water, and air, as they are necessaries for the humans and the other organisms as well as the ecosystem . They surround and provide human to stay a life. The environmental issues are linking closely to the human development and its livelihoods (Kanjee & Dobie, 2003, p. 10). As sometimes they call environment issues because they are composing the complex of physical, chemical, and biotic factors (as climate, soil, and living things) that act upon an organism or an ecological community and ultimately determine its form and survival (Merriam-webster).
Human uses these resources like parasites. In industrial or manufacturing, he tries to maximize his production regardless to wasting. Before the thoughts were about the resources that there is no end for their availabilities. When in many places, many of resources have been hurt specifically after the global climate change and natural disasters. The changes were directly impacted the agriculture production (Bank, 2007, p. 2). These changes have made awakening for the entire humanity. The awareness about the environment systems, as well as, the relationship between human’s behavior and its activities within natural components through the developments (Kanjee & Dobie, 2003, p. 9) was very crucial. Thus, considering the environment and ecosystem has been placed the third pillar of the planning. Thus it set to focus on three main types of actions they were:
3- and education
In hope of to re-integrate our environment’s living into the ecological system and to know how we should use and take from for land, air and water (Wheeler, 2013, p. 128).
The cognition of the environment and the natural resources has been taken another shape. The scientists have divided the natural resources into two parts to be more manageable and notable. The classification was:
1- Non-life resources: It includes air, water and the sun’s energy for heat and light, metals, radioactive metals, coal, oil and natural gases.
2- Life resources: It includes both the natural vegetation of forests, grass, desert plants, from both animals and wild herbivorous.
Moreover, to achieve their sustainability, the natural resources have been divided into two sections:
1- Non-renewable resources: They are those resources that have fixed and they are not replaceable. They are always under depletion’s threat, such as coal, oil, natural gas and radioactive metals. Due to their inability to regenerate again, these resources are limited in nature (Kanjee & Dobie, 2003, p. 9).
2- Renewable resources are those materials, which they are self-renewable such as plants or animals sources. The depletion is far somehow from these resources if they are being well treated. An example about these resources is trees and planting, which they accounted the most familiar resources on earth. From the surrounding nature, human uses them to obtain his needs and wants.
Bank, W. (2007). In A. Fleischer, I. Lichtman, & R. Mendelsohn, Climate Change, Irrigation, and Israeli Agriculture: Will Warming Be Harmful? World Bank Policy Research Working Paper.
Cunguara, B. (2001). ASSESSING STRATEGIES TO REDUCE POVERTY IN RURAL MOZAMBIQUE. Vienna: Institute of Agricultural and Forestry Economics Department of Economics and Social Sciences.
DiSano, J. (1999). In INDICATORS OF SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT GUIDELINES AND METHODOLOGIES (p. 24). Commission on Sustainable Development.
(2003). In N. Kanjee, & P. Dobie, Environment Thematic Guidance Note (p. 9). Bureau for Development Policy;Human Development.
Merriam-webster. (n.d.). www.merriam-webster.com. Retrieved 3 12, 2017, from Definition of environment: https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/environment
UNEP, & IWMI. (2011). In UNEP, & IWMI, Ecosystems for water and food security.
Wheeler, S. M. (2013). Climate change. In Planning for Sustainability 2nd (p. 4). New York: Taylor & Francis Group.
WordNet. (2013). www.thefreedictionary.com. Retrieved 3 12, 2017, from Natural Resources: http://www.thefreedictionary.com/Natural+Resources